ANS faculty research has been supported extensively by US federal funding for two decades. They have received support from agencies such as the National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Science Foundation (NSF), Department of Defense (US Army) and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). As an example, DARPA is supporting a project to investigate the functioning of the nerves in the residual limb (stump) of upper limb amputees and to determine if it is possible to record useable signals from those nerves over a 6 month time period. If successful, this study will form the foundation for future work directed at developing systems that use these neural signals to provide amputees with the ability to easily and effectively control advanced prosthetic limbs. In addition, the laboratory has funding from the NIH’s National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) and National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD) to develop an advanced prosthetic system that is capable of providing sensory feedback from sensors in the prosthesis to the amputee. The National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) has provided funding for research into the development of a respiratory adaptive controller targeted at individuals with upper spinal cord injury. NSF is also providing multiyear support for workshop speakers and tutorial lecturers for knowledge dissemination in computational neuroscience at the annual international computational neuroscience conference held by OCNS Inc.